Unless you are monogamous with a partner or spouse, you may be at risk for sexually transmitted diseases if you have an active sex life. Their are several types of STDs you should be aware of , including those that can cause life threatening illnesses to diseases that may just be a nuisance for you until it has been treated. There are approximately 20 different types of STDs or STIs, which stands for sexually transmitted infection.
The Difference Between STD and STI
Most people may assume that a STD and STI having the same meaning and can be used interchangeable, they are different. Medical personnel started using the STI because it has a broader definition and infections differ from diseases.
Someone who has a STI may not be aware of it and can unknowingly pass it onto a sexual partner. With a STI, there may not be any signs or symptoms that the person is carrying the infection because they are don’t feel sick or they look as if they have an infection. On the other hand, someone who has a STD may show signs and symptoms that they are ill and have a disease. An infection can progress into a disease if it isn’t treated in time.
Top 5 Sexually Transmitted Infections/Diseases
While there are about 20 types of infections or diseases transmitted by sexual contact, here is a list of the five most common infections.
- HPV – There are over 40 strains of the human papillomavirus and while there is no cure for it once you transmit it, you can prevent getting HPV by getting the vaccine that is now available before you are exposed to this infection.
- Genital Herpes – This most obvious signs of this incurable infection is blisters around the genitals and mouth, which are treatable. One in five people have this, with about a half to one million new cases each year.
- Chlamydia – This is the most common STI in the US. Fortunately, it can be cured with antibiotics.
- Gonorrhea – This infection is often accompanied by chlamydia and both are curable by taking antibiotics, so you might want to get treated for both problems. You can get it again and again even if cured.
- Syphilis – While this is another bacterial infection that can be treated with antibiotics, if left untreated, it can cause several serious health problems and even lead to death.
How to Prevent Getting or Spread STDs
Preventing a sexually transmitted disease,STD, is very important if you are sexually active. While there are some STI that are curable by taking a round of antibiotics, others can progress and cause serious health problems or they can lead to death. You can’t always tell you has a STD as they don’t have any signs or symptoms of the infection and they can unknowingly pass it onto their sexual partners. However, there are ways you can prevent getting a STD even if you do have sex with someone with an infection.
How STDs are Spread
All STDs are spread through sexual contact. It can be passed from one person to another by having anal, vaginal or oral sex with an infected partner. STDs are rarely passed on through skin to skin contact or contact with objects such as a toilet seat because the organisms that carry the infection cannot survive outside of the body for very long. However, the one object you can get a STD from is a sex toy if an infected person has used it and you use it without it being cleaned between uses.
How to Prevent STDs
The 3 basic guidelines for preventing STDs are:
- Being Faithful
If you follow the ABC’s of prevention, you should be able to avoid getting a STD or passing on a STD if you are already infected.
- Abstinence – If you abstain from having sex, you won’t be in a position to get a STD or to pass one on if you already have a STD. This can be hard for some people, especially if they’ve already had sexual experiences before. However, it isn’t impossible to abstain from sex and it can keep you disease free.
- Being Faithful – For people who already have a spouse or significant other, staying faithful to them will prevent you from getting an infection and, in turn, giving it to your partner. If you already have a STD, you can protect your lover from getting infected and staying together will keep the disease being passed onto others.
- Condoms – Wearing a condom can prevent the transmission of a STD from the guy to his partner or it can keep the man from getting infected by someone with a STD. All condoms are not equal though. You should use a latex condom to prevent bacteria, viruses or germs from being spread during intercourse.
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